History of End User Programming

1960s

In the 1960s Dartmouth BASIC programming language [7] was designed and implemented at Dartmouth College by John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz. Over time BASIC became a popular language for home users, and business use, it introduced many people to programming as a hobby or career. Many of the modern concepts of computer graphics, dynamic objects and object oriented programming were prototyped by Ivan Sutherland in 1963 in Sketchpad [13][14]. In the mid 1960s Seymour Papert, a mathematician who had been working with Piaget in Geneva, came to the United States where he co-founded the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory with Marvin Minsky. Papert worked with the team from Bolt, Beranek and Newman, led by Wallace Feurzeig that created the first version of Logo [25] in 1967. In the late sixties Alan Kay [2][3][17] used the term ‘personal computer’ and created a concept prototype, the FLEX Machine, he also envisaged a … Read More

The History of 3D Technology

3D technology can be traced all the way back to the beginning of photography. In 1844 David Brewster invented the Stereoscope. It was a new invention that could take photographic images in 3D. Later, Louis Jules Duboscq took that invention and improved on it. Louis took a picture of Queen Victoria using the improved technology and displayed it at the Great Exhibition in 1851. This picture became very well known throughout the world. Steroscopic cameras started to catch on and became fairly common for personal use by World War II.

In 1855 the Kinematascope, a stereo animation camera, was invented. It was able to create 3d motion pictures. In 1915 the first anaglyph movie was produced. Anaglyph technology used 3d glasses with 2 different color lenses that would direct an image to each eye. In 1890 William Friese-Greene, a British film pioneer, filed a patent for the 3D movie process. … Read More

History of Multi-Touch Technology

During the last 10 years, the multi-touch technology has rapidly evolved and has been implemented within a multitude of devices, software programs and hardware. In the years to come, the this technology will be even more used and will soon become part of peoples’ day-to-day lives enabling them to easily interact with a computer screen or device using solely the fingers.

Even if the future of multi-touch technology is the most important aspect scientists should focus on, it is better from time to time to take a trip down to memory lane and assess its evolution.

When did multi-touch technology appear?

The origin of multi-touch technology takes us back to 1982 when Nimish Mehta from the University of Toronto was the first one developing the finger pressure display using this technology. The year 1982 was an important year in multi-touch history because after the discovery of Nimish Mehta, other engineering … Read More

History and Components of a Modern Mainframe Computer

Mainframe computers are crucial for some of the largest corporations in the world. Each mainframe has more than one modern processor, RAM ranging from a few megabytes to several-score gigabytes, and disk space and other storage beyond anything on a microcomputer. A mainframe can control multiple tasks and serve thousands of users every second without downtime.

The chief difference between mainframes and other computing systems is the level of processing that takes place. Mainframes are also different in terms of data bandwidth, organization, reliability, and control. Big organizations-banking, healthcare, insurance, and telecom companies, etc.-use mainframes for processing critical commercial data.

In this article, we discuss the evolution of mainframe computers and their components.

History of mainframe computers

IBM developed a crucial part of mainframe computing, the Automatic Sequence Controlled Calculator (ASCC) for arithmetic operations, in 1944. From the late 1950s through the 1970s, several companies manufactured mainframes: IBM, Burroughs, RCA, … Read More

A Brief History of Internet Banking

The main purpose that banks have been serving since their inception is keeping our money safe for us. While keeping our money safe, they also let us earn a certain amount of interest on the money deposited with them. Traditional banks have been doing this, and internet banks continue the same function. The only difference is in the way the transactions are made.

Online banking has been around for quite a few years. In fact, it was introduced in the 1980s and has come a long way since then. The last decade has seen a profuse growth in internet banking transactions. Several pieces of legislation have also been introduced in this area.

Though it began in the 1980s, it was only in the mid nineties that internet banking really caught on. What attracts customers to internet banking is the round the clock availability and ease of transactions. Studies estimate that … Read More

History of Educational Technology

There is no written evidence which can tell us exactly who has coined the phrase educational technology. Different educationists, scientists and philosophers at different time intervals have put forwarded different definitions of Educational Technology. Educational technology is a multifaceted and integrated process involving people, procedure, ideas, devices, and organization, where technology from different fields of science is borrowed as per the need and requirement of education for implementing, evaluating, and managing solutions to those problems involved in all aspects of human learning.

Educational technology, broadly speaking, has passed through five stages.

The first stage of educational technology is coupled with the use of aids like charts, maps, symbols, models, specimens and concrete materials. The term educational technology was used as synonyms to audio-visual aids.

The second stage of educational technology is associated with the ‘electronic revolution’ with the introduction and establishment of sophisticated hardware and software. Use of various … Read More

History of Gadgets

The history of gadgets spans as far back as humanity itself – since hominids began creating tools to make their lives easier. Humans have always created devices and appliances with specific practical purposes that were initially thought of as novelties, due to unfamiliarity with and initial unwillingness to accept the technology. Today, industry has augmented the creation of new gadgets, while certain retailers, including Brookstone and Richard Thalheimer’s RichardSolo.com, specialize in popularizing them.

What famous inventors Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Edison, Alexander Graham Bell and Leonardo da Vinci, among others, had in common was foresight. They understood that a lifetime spent playing with what others viewed as toys and senseless gadgets would eventually result in indispensable technology. From just that small group, the groundwork for electricity, communications, film, and flight was laid because of their gadgets, which obviously possessed more value than novelty.

Perhaps one of the earliest, most well known … Read More

History Of Computer System

The 1335 error is a problem that is caused by the way in which by which Windows will not be able to accurately process the settings that it wants from an set up. Viruses that purpose on the boot sector of a tough drive are infecting a really crucial element of the boot course of. If you want to know the right way to switch knowledge from one other computer retrieve lost data, or get well pictures, and get better recordsdata, from a damaged laptop or LAPTOP. Then this page is for you.

This is a free tool found in the web that helps you scan and verify information for porn materials and different content material that is deemed questionable. Worms unfold between hosts and networks using the sources of the contaminated host and don’t require assistance from a file to infect for transport as is the case for normal … Read More

The History And Lore Of The Fabulous Jersey Tomato

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Ensure that the web design firm or web designer you select units life like goals for the timeline. So I did a little bit of research going by way of websites with posts and looking by means of the comments. You have listed lots of nice sites. It is a free and open source blog administration system, but may also be used to create websites.

I consider posting hyperlinks to your individual websites is the issue. For instance, many article-centered websites are mainly designed for advertising and marketing merchandise. Great Hub and a really … Read More